Showing posts with label LLM. Show all posts
Showing posts with label LLM. Show all posts

Tuesday, May 14, 2024

Types of Chains in LangChain

The LangChain framework uses different methods for processing data, including "STUFF," "MAP REDUCE," "REFINE," and "MAP_RERANK."

Here's a summary of each method:

   - Simple method involving combining all input into one prompt and processing it with the language model to get a single response.
   - Cost-effective and straightforward but may not be suitable for diverse data chunks.

   - Involves passing data chunks with the query to the language model and summarizing all responses into a final answer.
   - Powerful for parallel processing and handling many documents but requires more processing calls.

   - Iteratively loops over multiple documents, building upon previous responses to refine and combine information gradually.
   - Leads to longer answers and depends on the results of previous calls.

   - Involves a single call to the language model for each document, requesting a relevance score, and selecting the highest score.
   - Relies on the language model to determine the score and can be more expensive due to multiple model calls.

The most common of these methods is the “stuff method”. The second most common is the “Map_reduce” method, which takes these chunks and sends them to the language model.

These methods are not limited to question-answering but can be applied to various data processing tasks within the LangChain framework.

For example, "Map_reduce" is commonly used for document summarization.

Monday, March 04, 2024

What are Langchain Agents?

The LangChain framework is designed for building applications that utilize large language models (LLMs) to excel in natural language processing, text generation, and more. LangChain agents are specialized components within the framework designed to perform tasks such as answering questions, generating text, translating languages, and summarizing text. They harness the capabilities of LLMs to process natural language input and generate corresponding output.

High level Overview:
1. LangChain Agents: These are specialized components within the LangChain framework that interact with the real world and are designed to perform specific tasks such as answering questions, generating text, translating languages, and summarizing text.

2. Functioning of LangChain Agents: The LangChain agents use large language models (LLMs) to process natural language input and generate corresponding output, leveraging extensive training on vast datasets for various tasks such as comprehending queries, text generation, and language translation.

3. Architecture: The fundamental architecture of a LangChain agent involves input reception, processing with LLM, plan execution, and output delivery. It includes the agent itself, external tools, and toolkits assembled for specific functions.

4. Getting Started: Agents use a combination of an LLM or an LLM Chain as well as a Toolkit to perform a predefined series of steps to accomplish a goal. Tools like Wikipedia, DuckDuckGo, and Arxiv are utilized, and the necessary libraries and tools are imported and set up for the agent.

5. Advantages: LangChain agents are user-friendly, versatile, and offer enhanced capabilities by leveraging the power of language models. They hold potential for creating realistic chatbots, serving as educational tools, and aiding businesses in marketing.

6. Future Usage: LangChain agents could be employed in creating realistic chatbots, educational tools, and marketing assistance, indicating the potential for a more interactive and intelligent digital landscape.

Overall, LangChain agents offer user-friendly and versatile features, leveraging advanced language models to provide various applications across diverse scenarios and requirements. 

Monday, February 19, 2024

What is RAG? - Retrieval-Augmented Generation Explained

A RAG-based language model (RAG) is a machine learning technique used in natural language understanding tasks. RAG is an AI framework that improves the efficacy of large language models (LLMs) by using custom data. RAG combines information retrieval with generative AI to provide answers instead of document matches.

Unlike traditional lightweight language models, which use single representations for entire entities or phrases, RAGs can represent entities and phrases separately and in different ways.

The primary advantage of using RAG-based language models is their ability to handle long-term dependencies and hierarchical relationships between entities and phrases in natural language. This makes them more effective in tasks such as dialogue systems, question answering, and text summarization.

RAG allows the LLM to present accurate information with source attribution. The output can include citations or references to sources. Users can also look up source documents themselves if they require further clarification or more detail. This can increase trust and confidence in your generative AI solution.

RAG uses an external datastore to build a richer prompt for LLMs. This prompt includes a combination of context, history, and recent or relevant knowledge. RAG retrieves relevant data and documents for a question or task and provides them as context for the LLM.

RAG is the cheapest option to improve the accuracy of a GenAI application. This is because you can quickly update the instructions provided to the LLM with a few code changes.

Saturday, February 03, 2024

Characteristics of LLM Pre-Training

The characteristics of LLM pre-training include the following:

  1. Unsupervised Learning: LLM pre-training involves unsupervised learning, where the model learns from the vast amounts of text data without explicit human-labeled supervision. This allows the model to capture general patterns and structures in the language.

  2. Masked Language Modeling: During pre-training, the model learns to predict masked or hidden words within sentences, which helps it understand the context and relationships between words in a sentence or document.

  3. Transformer Architecture Utilization: LLMs typically utilize transformer architecture, which allows them to capture long-range dependencies and relationships between words in the input text, making them effective in understanding and generating human language.

  4. General Language Understanding: Pre-training enables the LLM to gain a broad and general understanding of language, which forms the foundation for performing various natural language processing tasks such as text generation, language translation, sentiment analysis, and more.

These characteristics contribute to the ability of LLMs to understand and generate human language effectively across a wide range of applications and domains.